Committed to developing treatments
for severe inflammatory and
fibrotic lung diseases.
A rare genetic disease with unaddressed lung inflammation.
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common fatal hereditary disease among Caucasians, affecting an estimated 83,000 people worldwide. Mutant cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) results in impaired mucocilliary clearance in the airways, exaggerated AA-mediated inflammation and inadequate pro-resolving DHA response, leading to chronic infection, exaggerated lung inflammation and local lung tissue destruction over time.
Existing data suggest that LAU-7b has a therapeutic approach that appears to be complementary to CFTR modulators. LAU-7b pro-resolving effect has the potential to correct the DHA/AA imbalance and control inflammation without interfering with the natural defenses. LAU-7b was also shown to rebalance certain long-chain sphingolipids (ceramides) involved in the CFTR protein recruitment, aggregation and confinement inside the membrane lipid rafts, in response to cellular stress during inflammation.
Youssef M. et al, 2021. Lung. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00408-020-00353-2
Garic D. et al, 2020. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00018-020-03530-x
Garic D. et al, 2020. Journal of Molecular Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00109-017-1564-y
Abu-Arish A. et al, 2018. Poster NACFC2018.
APPLAUD Phase 2 study in adult patients with cystic fibrosis
APPLAUD is a placebo-controlled phase 2 clinical study of the efficacy and safety of LAU-7b in the treatment of cystic fibrosis in adults, aiming to evaluate LAU-7b’s effect on the resolution of inflammation and preservation of lung function. A total of 166 patients were enrolled at hospital sites across Canada, the US and Australia, for a treatment duration of 6 months. The study measures the lung function at 24 weeks, pulmonary exacerbations, quality of life, Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection level, systemic inflammatory and lipidomic biomarkers.
More details about the study can be found on www.clinicaltrials.gov (#NCT03265288).
A global health crisis requiring effective treatments.
COVID-19 is an acute respiratory disease borne from infection with SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus and rapidly qualified as a pandemic. While most patients are thought to have a favorable prognosis, certain patients may have worse outcomes with hyperinflammation in the lungs that may require mechanical ventilation. With viral mutations increasing uncertainty around coronavirus persistence and seasonality, there is an urgent need to develop efficacious COVID-19 treatments.
What is the difference between a COVID-19 vaccine and a COVID-19 treatment?
- Vaccines are administered before you get the virus to prevent the infection from developing. They are used to “train” your immune system how to defend against COVID-19, by imitating the infection.
- Treatments, on the other hand, are usually meant to treat the COVID-19 disease after the infection develops in your body, helping patients sickened by the virus to survive and recover more quickly.
Proposed mode of action
LAU-7b: potential for dual antiviral and inflammation-controlling mechanism in COVID-19
Membrane lipids play a central role in coronavirus infection, and are needed for virus fusion to the plasma membrane when they enter or are released from the cell. Viruses also attack the lipid synthesis (lipogenesis) and signal the host cells to produce lipids for their envelopes and also to hide from the immune system.
LAU-7b decreases host cell membrane lipids fluidity, inhibits de-novo cell lipogenesis, and modulates phospholipid signaling promoting resolution of inflammation. Due to its host-directed mutation-agnostic mechanism, LAU-7b utility could span across future variants, as demonstrated in-vitro against multiple SARS-CoV-2 strains and MERS-CoV.
LAU-7b inflammation-controlling (pro-resolution) properties also involve secondary signaling pathways such as ERK1/2, NF-kB and cPLA2, all of which known to have a role in virus immune evasion.
has multiple potential advantages in the treatment of COVID-19.
Hayashi Y. et al, 2021. Journal of virology. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.00807-21
Orienti I. et al, 2020. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 3812; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21113812
RESOLUTION Phase 2/3 study with LAU-7b in hospitalized COVID-19 patients
RESOLUTION is a Phase 2/3 double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the efficacy and safety of once-a-day oral LAU-7b, administered for 14 days on top of standard of care, in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. The Phase 2 pilot of the RESOLUTION study randomized a total of 232 hospitalized patients with moderate, severe or critical COVID-19 disease, of which 148 patients had moderate-to-severe disease (not requiring oxygen or requiring low-flow oxygenation) and 84 were critically ill COVID-19 patients requiring high-flow oxygen but not mechanical ventilation. Both study arms were highly comparable in terms of mean age, number of comorbidities and concomitant medications.
Following the promising results in the trial’s Phase 2 pilot portion, on both survival and avoidance of mechanical ventilation in moderate-to-severe COVID-19, the confirmatory Phase 3 portion was triggered and received approval from the FDA and Health Canada, focusing on moderate-to-severe patient population and using the “Proportion of patients requiring mechanical ventilation and/or death by Day 60” as primary efficacy endpoint.
More details about the study can be found on www.clinicaltrials.gov (#NCT04417257).